WHO warns of 19 fungi that threaten public health

The World Health Organization (WHO) has published for the first time a list of fungi threatening public health. In total, there are 19 “priority pathogens”, which should be the subject of further research and monitoring.

According to the WHO, these fungi are more and more frequent and are becoming more and more resistant to treatment. Currently, there are only four classes of antifungal drugs available.

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Credit: Md Saiful Islam Khan/istockWHO warns of fungi that threaten public health

These fungal infections often affect critically ill patients and those with weakened immune systems, especially patients with cancer, HIV/AIDS or those who have had an organ transplant.

Different priority categories

The list divides pathogens into three categories: critical, high and medium priority. Fungal pathogens in each priority category are thus ranked primarily based on their public health impact and/or emerging risk of antifungal resistance.

While acknowledging these critical pathogens as a global public health concern, the WHO emphasizes that the list should be interpreted and contextualized with caution, “as some endemic pathogens may be of greater concern in their regional or local contexts. respective”.

The critical group of fungi includes Candida auris which is highly drug resistant, Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus fumigatus and Candida albicans.

See the full list below:

  • Cryptococcus neoformans
  • white ears
  • Aspergillus fumigatus
  • candid albicans
  • Nakaseomyces glabrata
  • Histoplasma spp.
  • Causative agents of eumycetoma
  • Mucorales
  • Fusarium spp.
  • Candida tropicalis
  • Candida parapsilosis
  • Scedosporium spp.
  • Lamentospora prolificans
  • Coccidioides spp.
  • Pichia Kudriavzeveii (candida Krusei)
  • Cryptococcus gatti
  • Talaromyces marneffei
  • Pneumocystis jirovecii
  • Paracoccidioides spp.

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