Russian reservists’ call for war in Ukraine has sparked protests, mass arrests and leaks. There have been reports of Russian men even considering breaking their leg or arm to escape the draft. In Brazil, the rule states that young men who have reached the age of 18 must enlist in military service.
This does not mean that everyone will serve in Navy, Army or Air Force barracks. Enlistment is only an application to compete for selection. This application is made through a website or in person at a Military Service Board.
To enlist, young people must provide their CPF number and complete a military enrollment form. This process must be completed within the first six months (January to June) of the year in which you turn 18.
After enrolment, the young person’s health status and other data are verified. He can be dismissed or returned for a selection.
Certain illnesses, such as cancer, diabetes and tuberculosis, can cause young Brazilians to be laid off.
The diseases are listed in a decree of 1992. They are separated into 14 groups according to the type of disease:
- Infectious and parasitic diseases: includes, among other diseases, tuberculosis, syphilis, malaria and Chagas disease.
- Cancer: includes malignant and benign neoplasms. In the latter case, when there is interference with the exercise of military activities
- Diseases of the endocrine glands, nutritional and immune disorders: includes Diabetesgout and vitamin A deficiencies, when there is an irreversible decrease in visual ability
- Blood disorders: for example, blood disorders Blood clotting.
- Mental disorders: includes schizophrenia and behavioral problems
- Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs: for example, young people with multiple sclerosisParkinson’s and epilepsy are exempt from military service
- Diseases of the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems: includes hypertension and pulmonary fibrosis,
- Skin diseases: such as lupus, psoriasis and others that are incompatible with the exercise of military activities or that prevent the use of military uniforms and equipment
- Diseases of the musculoskeletal system, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- late effects traumatic injuries, poisoning, toxic effects and other external causes;
- Other illnesses, injuries or morbid conditions which, at a level of severity comparable to those mentioned in the preceding groups, unable absolutely for military service.
Although resulting in dismissal, young people with one of the diseases mentioned above must enlist, just like disabled people. Those with an absolute disability may be represented by their guardian or legal guardian.
In case of visible particular need, after enlistment, the person can submit a medical opinion and request the Exemption Certificate (CI) from the Military Service.